[Indonesia] Pemimpin ASEAN bereaksi: Rencana Pangkalan Angkatan Laut Amerika di Australia

Harlizon MBAu harlizon at gmail.com
Fri Nov 18 00:14:33 WIT 2011

Untuk apa jauh-jauh membangun pangkalan bersenjata jika benar hanya untuk
pengamanan dalam negeri Amerika???*


November 17, 2011 ASEAN Leaders React to Planned US Marine Base in Australia

Brian Padden | Bali, Indonesia

  Photo: REUTERS
The leaders of the Association of South East Asian Nations attend the
regional bloc's summit in Bali, November 17, 2011.

The announcement by President Barack Obama that he plans to station U.S.
troops in Australia is drawing mixed reactions at the ASEAN Summit in
Indonesia, where ongoing territorial conflicts in the South China Sea are a
major issue.

Philippine Secretary of Communications Ricky Carandang welcomed the news
that the United States will station 2,500 military personnel in its
Australia's Northern Territory over the next few years.

“If you are asking me in general how I view the increased engagement of the
U.S. in Australia and the region, we view the presence of the Americans
here, the renewed engagement of the U.S. here as ultimately a stabilizing
force,” Carandang said.

The Philippines has long supported an increased U.S. military presence to
counterbalance China's growing military strength and increasing
confrontations in disputed territory of the South China Sea.

China, the Philippines, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei hold
conflicting territorial claims on the region, which is strategic to world
shipping and believed to hold huge oil and gas reserves.

ASEAN Chairman and Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa said
Indonesia does not want to see Southeast Asia be subject to a damaging
competition between the big countries, adding that idealism will only get
them so far.

Natalegawa also said he would like to develop a military code of conduct,
in line with ASEAN’s Treaty of Amity and Cooperation, or TAC, which calls
for mutual respect and the non-interference in the internal affairs of
other members.

“For example it will involve the renunciation of the use of force the
primacy of peaceful settlements of disputes, precisely the kind of TAC-like
kind of norms that have been governing relations among ASEAN.”

Hariyadi Wirawan, a professor of international relations at the University
of Indonesia, says the news could lead to increased tension between the
United States and China at the East Asia Summit and could hamper efforts by
ASEAN leaders to craft a code of conduct with China to peacefully resolve

“The whole idea of creating this new arrangement of security is in itself,
can be seen also as a provocation to China and will expect a kind of harsh
response from China, from Beijing,” Wirawan said.

Chinese officials Wednesday questioned whether the troop deployments are in
the best interests of the countries in the region.  In Beijing Thursday,
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Weimin gave a more measured response
when asked about the U.S.-Australia military ties.

In regards to the relationships developed between other nations, China does
not interfere, he said.

But he added China hopes that other countries in developing relations
between each other take into consideration other countries, regional
interests and the region's peace and stability.
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